Initially an Entirely Black Suit, The Referee Uniform is Now Full of Color.
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It’s hard to imagine football without a referee, especially in Indonesia. Without a black shirt corps, we can be sure that the game will be chaotic, disorganized, and conflicts will emerge that lead to fights.
In football, the referee is the person who has the full authority to lead the match. On duty, the soccer referee is accompanied by two line judges and one-fourth official. The idea of using a referee was sparked when the English Football Association (FA) was founded in London. In a meeting in 1893, it was decided the importance of a field court.
Initially, the referee wore formal clothes in the form of a complete suit. The reason is to look handsome and dignified. Then, due to the lack of maneuverability in these clothes, the FA decided to change the referee’s uniform. The court wears a shirt like the players who compete. In order to maintain an authoritative and handsome impression, the black color is maintained.
The referee is equipped with a number of combat equipment attached to the body to carry out their duties properly. Apart from the whistle, the referee was also equipped with two magic cards, namely a yellow card and a red card. Both are used to reward players who commit fouls while on the field.
Yellow cards are used to give serious warnings to players not to repeat them. At the same time, the red card is used for fatal violations so that the player who is given the red card must leave his team and leave the field. Meanwhile, the two yellow cards received by the player are automatically red cards.
As time goes by, the referee’s uniform is no longer synonymous with black. Referees since the early 2000s have used a more varied range of shirts. There are pastel green, yellow, light blue, to pink. The colors are intended so that the players are “disgusted” by the referee so they will not protest excessively. (*)
The Football Assistant Referee Flag Signal from the Sidelines
The use of referee assistive technology (VAR) apparently cannot completely erase line judges’ existence. People who run from both sides of the field are known as assistant referees (AR). Until now, AR’s role is still very vital in helping referees.
Using the flag, there are a lot of cues that AR has to do while on duty. For example, when the ball leaves the field. In such a situation, AR will raise the flag and direct it to the right or left according to the team whose player last touched the ball.
When the ball leaves the field, the team that has the advantage must take a throw-in. To take a throw-in, players cannot be arbitrary. Both feet should be behind the line. Then, the eyes and body position must be parallel to the recipient of the ball. In a throw-in, the offside rule is nullified.
The next flag signal is a corner kick. AR will move to the corner of the field when one of the teams launches an attack. When the ball leaves the field from the left and right side of the goal and hits the defender, AR will raise the flag and point to a dot in the corner. When the kick is about to take place, AR takes a step back from the kicker.
However, if the ball leaving the field from the left and right side of the goal hits the attacking player, what is created is a goal tackle. The AR signal is to raise the flag aloft from the corner of the court and point at the goal.
Apart from these signals, there is another sign that often causes debate, namely the offside flag. The offside will be taken when the attacking player receives the ball behind the defender who is not the goalkeeper. Offsides are only awarded to active players. That is, the players involved in the match. If the player is behind the defender but is not in a position to receive the ball, then it will not be ruled offside.
In an offside situation, the AR will raise its flag aloft. Then, he will point to the location of the player in question. Offside is close if the player is near AR. Meanwhile, players who are far away are called off the far side.
Finally, the cue for substitutions. In this case, the AR will raise the flag aloft while moving it. If there is a referee’s response, the AR will place its flag parallel to the head. Then, the match is stopped, and the fourth official will show a board with the numbers of players who must enter and exit.