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Initially an Entirely Black Suit, The Referee Uniform is Now Full of Color.
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It’s hard to imagine football without a referee, especially in Indonesia. Without a black shirt corps, we can be sure that the game will be chaotic, disorganized, and conflicts will emerge that lead to fights.
In football, the referee is the person who has the full authority to lead the match. On duty, the soccer referee is accompanied by two line judges and one-fourth official. The idea of using a referee was sparked when the English Football Association (FA) was founded in London. In a meeting in 1893, it was decided the importance of a field court.
Initially, the referee wore formal clothes in the form of a complete suit. The reason is to look handsome and dignified. Then, due to the lack of maneuverability in these clothes, the FA decided to change the referee’s uniform. The court wears a shirt like the players who compete. In order to maintain an authoritative and handsome impression, the black color is maintained.
The referee is equipped with a number of combat equipment attached to the body to carry out their duties properly. Apart from the whistle, the referee was also equipped with two magic cards, namely a yellow card and a red card. Both are used to reward players who commit fouls while on the field.
Yellow cards are used to give serious warnings to players not to repeat them. At the same time, the red card is used for fatal violations so that the player who is given the red card must leave his team and leave the field. Meanwhile, the two yellow cards received by the player are automatically red cards.
As time goes by, the referee’s uniform is no longer synonymous with black. Referees since the early 2000s have used a more varied range of shirts. There are pastel green, yellow, light blue, to pink. The colors are intended so that the players are “disgusted” by the referee so they will not protest excessively. (*)
The Football Assistant Referee Flag Signal from the Sidelines
The use of referee assistive technology (VAR) apparently cannot completely erase line judges’ existence. People who run from both sides of the field are known as assistant referees (AR). Until now, AR’s role is still very vital in helping referees.
Using the flag, there are a lot of cues that AR has to do while on duty. For example, when the ball leaves the field. In such a situation, AR will raise the flag and direct it to the right or left according to the team whose player last touched the ball.
When the ball leaves the field, the team that has the advantage must take a throw-in. To take a throw-in, players cannot be arbitrary. Both feet should be behind the line. Then, the eyes and body position must be parallel to the recipient of the ball. In a throw-in, the offside rule is nullified.
The next flag signal is a corner kick. AR will move to the corner of the field when one of the teams launches an attack. When the ball leaves the field from the left and right side of the goal and hits the defender, AR will raise the flag and point to a dot in the corner. When the kick is about to take place, AR takes a step back from the kicker.
However, if the ball leaving the field from the left and right side of the goal hits the attacking player, what is created is a goal tackle. The AR signal is to raise the flag aloft from the corner of the court and point at the goal.
Apart from these signals, there is another sign that often causes debate, namely the offside flag. The offside will be taken when the attacking player receives the ball behind the defender who is not the goalkeeper. Offsides are only awarded to active players. That is, the players involved in the match. If the player is behind the defender but is not in a position to receive the ball, then it will not be ruled offside.
In an offside situation, the AR will raise its flag aloft. Then, he will point to the location of the player in question. Offside is close if the player is near AR. Meanwhile, players who are far away are called off the far side.
Finally, the cue for substitutions. In this case, the AR will raise the flag aloft while moving it. If there is a referee’s response, the AR will place its flag parallel to the head. Then, the match is stopped, and the fourth official will show a board with the numbers of players who must enter and exit.
The Idea of Football Boots Started When King Henry VIII Came to Power in England
In modern football, shoes are not only footwear when players act on the field, but also self-identity and extracting coffers from sponsors.
History records, soccer actually only became a popular sport in 19. However, the shoes that later became known in football had actually existed since King Henry VIII came to power in England 1509-1547. At that time, King Henry ordered shoes made of animal skin pointed underneath. The king’s order was successfully completed by a local craftsman in London, Cornelius Johnson, in 1525.
Johnson’s shoes are still very simple. The product was deemed too big and heavy, even though it protected King Henry’s ankle. This is natural because King Henry deliberately ordered the shoes to hunt in the forest, not to play football.
Interestingly, several centuries later, King Henry’s shoes actually became an inspiration in football. The shoes were remade by football players in England in the 1880s. At that time, the majority of football players were factory workers or manual laborers. With their skills, they put iron nails in the soles of their shoes.
If you look at the materials used, the factory workers’ shoes are too dangerous. As a result, a simpler, slop-like shoe was launched from animal skin. The shoe has six protrusions on the bottom. The shoes make the wearer more comfortable when running.
The findings were then submitted to the FA. In 1891, the supreme authority of English football advocated the use of a 1.27 cm leather pulls made of leather. The pull under the shoe should also be round and not pointed.
The FA policy eventually developed along with technological advances in Europe. Moreover, shoe manufacturing companies, such as Gola (1905), Valsport (1920), to Hummel (1923), have sprung up and implemented such technology. Soccer shoes became more modern when Adolf and Rudolf Dassler founded Adidas in 1924, which was later followed by Puma.
Captain’s Tire in Football was First Used in 1872
In football, the captain has an equally vital role as the coach. He is a leader in the field, as well as a bridge between the skipper and his colleagues. The captain is also the first person who is given the right to argue with the referee or to protest to the match organizing committee if something goes wrong.
Historical records show it is unknown when who and the pioneering captain in football. Most likely, it has been going on since the round skin sport was introduced.
Unlike the other players, the captain has an identity in the form of a “tire” around his arm. The tires are different from the jersey color worn and are made of a flexible material such as rubber or wool. The captain’s armband must be worn on the court. If the captain forgets to wear it, the referee will admonish the team concerned.
Uniquely, the captain’s armband around the player’s arm was first introduced at the Scotland match against England in Glasgow in 1872. At that time, Scotland captain, Robert Gardner, and Cuthbard Ottoway from the British camp put a cloth wrapped around one of their arms. They agreed to use it so that the referee could easily recognize it.
After getting the referee’s approval, the captain’s armband was finally patented by the English Football Association (FA) to be obliged by the participating clubs at that time. Furthermore, the captain’s armband spread by itself to all corners of the earth.
In the modern era, the captain’s armband has many variations. It not only serves as a marker in the field but has a special message—for example, the anti-racialism campaign initiated by FIFA and UEFA. There are also black tires as a sign of mourning that are worn when a famous person dies. In addition, the campaign supports LGBT in the Premier League and the political message of the Catalan independence flag as implemented by Barcelona.
Alejandro Dario Gomez took another example in Atalanta Bergamo. The 32-year-old Argentinian player has the distinctive characteristic of changing the captain’s armband motifs and colors. The former Kharkiv Metalist player changes his captain’s armband every week. He once used the captain’s armband, using his son’s photo with the movie character, Frozen. He also used the captain’s armband with the animated character Tsubasa Ozora.
Apart from Gomez, Daniele de Rossi also used a unique captain’s armband. The AS Roma legend once placed the Curva Sud writing on his arm. There was also German Pezzella when he was lined up as captain of Fiorentina. He wears the armband that reads DA13 as a symbol of respect for the late Davide Astori.
Everton Supporters Become The Pioneers of The Creation of The Soccer Goal-net
It is very difficult to imagine if the modern game of football has a goal without a net. It is certain that the referee, line judge, players, coaches, spectators, and match commentators are confused.
Soccer players experienced this experience before 1892. All controversy apparently arose before the goal net was implemented. This is because the ball from a kick that passes between the two goalposts is difficult for the eye to detect, for example, in the Everton match against Accrington Stanley. The match was filled with controversy over the referee who did not authorize the Toffee’s goal, even though the ball had crossed the goalpost.
The aftermath of the incident has angered a Liverpool engineer and Everton supporter, John Alexander Brodie. He thought hard and finally had the idea of creating a “big pocket”, which later turned into a goal net.
The “big pocket” of Brodie’s invention was brought to the English Football Association (FA) for presentation. After conducting studies and improvements, the FA finally approved of Brodie’s wishes. The FA turned brodie’s findings into a net attached to the two goalposts.
The results of Brodie’s discovery were tested in the 1892 FA Cup final. The match that brought together Aston Villa versus West Bromwich Albion was finally recorded as the first official football match using a goal net.
Uniquely, according to Paolo di Canio, the shape of the goal is not as interesting as the process of creating goals. However, the former West Ham United striker from Italy did not deny that the goal is the most beautiful place in a football match.
“The goalpost is the most wanted place to go. Especially for me when I was still actively playing. The place is like heaven that feels beautiful if we can score a goal, “said Di Canio on one occasion, reported The Telegraph.
Sheffield FC, The Oldest Football Club in the World
Who is the oldest football club in the world? The answer is not Real Madrid, AC Milan, Barcelona, Internazionale Milano, Arsenal or Manchester United. Neither Benfica, Paris Saint-Germain, or Ajax Amsterdam. Sheffield Football Club obtained the status as the earliest established football club.
Sheffield was founded on October 24, 1857, by Nathaniel Creswick and William Perst in a meeting at Parkfield House and is headquartered on East Bank Road. That is, Sheffield was founded before the English Football Association (FA) was formed in London on October 26, 1863.
Not only born as a football club, but Sheffield also acts like FIFA in the modern era. The club, which is currently competing in the Northern Premier League Division One East or the equivalent of Division VIII, has its own game and competition rules. The regulations, known as the “Sheffield Rules”, became the code of conduct in football in 1858-1877.
The regulations were played out in the Youdan Cup from February 16, 1867, to March 9, 1867. It was a tournament that was older than the FA Cup. Four years after the Youdan Cup, the FA Cup was rolled out and has survived to this day. Youdan Cup dissolves into the FA Cup.
Interestingly, the Sheffield Rules were initially created and revised by Sheffield with responsibilities and regulations passed by the Sheffield Football Association (FAS) after being founded in 1867. The rules then spread beyond the city and other associations in the north and center of England. This made the Sheffield Rules one of the most popular football rules during the 1860s to 1870s.
The FA was then born in London and published its own rules of football. In 1863-1877, FA and Sheffield regulations coexisted. For example, when the team from Sheffield and the London representative met. They use both sets of regulations. After some disagreement, the two codes were united in 1877 when Sheffield chose to adopt FA regulations.
Even though Sheffield merged into the FA, that does not mean that his legacy is being put aside. In fact, many of the points in the Sheffield Rules have been used and applied in football to this day. Call it corner soccer rules, throw-in, to free kicks. He was once playing soccer using your head. Only, at that time, they were not familiar with the term penalty kick.
Unfortunately, in the modern era, not many people know about Sheffield. The reason is, their popularity is still inferior to Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday, who are and have competed in the Premier League.
A brief history of the birth of FIFA on May 21, 1904, in Paris
On May 21, 2020, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) turned 116 years old. When founded in France, the institution headed by Gianni Infantino, became the second football organization in the world after the English Football Association (FA), which was born on October 26, 1863.
International football has been played since 1872 when Scotland and England held friendly matches in Glasgow or nine years after the FA was founded in London. After that, the sport of cultivating the round skin grew rapidly from Great Britain, spread to mainland Europe, across to America, and finally to all corners of the earth.
Seeing football’s growing popularity and the need for regulations to be obeyed by all countries, a sports journalist from France, Robert Guerin, took the initiative to establish FIFA. With Secretary-General’s status at the Department of Football at the Union des Societes Francaises de Sports Athletiques (USFSA), the Le Matin journalist gathered several people from six countries other than France to form FIFA on May 21, 1904, at the USFSA headquarters, Paris.
After signing FIFA’s charter, Guerin et al then held the First FIFA Congress on May 23, 1904. As a result, Guerin was appointed president. Meanwhile, Victor Schneider (Switzerland) and Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann (Netherlands) became vice presidents. There is also Louis Muhlinghaus (Belgium) as secretary-general and Ludvig Sylow (Denmark) as treasurer.
Guerin then expanded his organization by inviting the FA to join. Initially, they objected. Then, in the lobby of Baron Edouard de Laveleye from Belgium, the FA agreed to become part of the FIFA extended family on April 14, 1905. In return, the FA President, Daniel Burley Woolfall, was appointed the second FIFA President to replace Guerin on June 4, 1906.
With the joining of the FA, FIFA is getting more advanced. The reason is, many football regulations made by the FA were subsequently adopted by FIFA and began to be implemented when the 1908 and 1912 Olympics were held.
Apart from Britain, FIFA has also started crossing the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in search of members in Africa and America. In 1909, South Africa was listed as the first non-European country to become a member. Argentina and Chile followed the move in 1912. One year later, the United States and Canada declared themselves joining.
When World War I broke out, FIFA had stopped its activities. When they were done, they came back with the idea of hosting the competition now known as the World Cup. Through a number of discussions and scenarios, the World Cup was finally held for the first time in 1930 in Uruguay, with 13 countries participating. Uruguay won after beating Argentina in the final.
Now, FIFA has transformed into a money-filled organization with revenues in 2018, reaching USD 4.6 billion. FIFA also has many members, reaching 211 countries and six confederations. It beat the United Nations, which only has 193 permanent members and two observer countries.
That is the history of FIFA, which is still developing the favorite sport of a million people, namely football. With this association, in addition to gathering the soccer game lovers, but also at the same time finding new potential grass-heroes.
Throw-in Rules in Football that Supporters Should Know
Football is a highly regulated sport—one of them, the throw-in. The player whose team gets the opportunity to make a throw-in cannot carelessly throw the ball into the court to start play again.
There are standard rules outlined by FIFA for players who want to throw-in. They must face the field and the player who will receive the ball. The player’s two feet must be on the line or off the court. Their feet are also obliged to touch the ground.
Next, the throwing process. The player’s hands must be above their head when swinging from behind. The process is carried out at the point where the ball first leaves the field. The referee is allowed to make a decision to repeat or give a throw to the opposing party if it does not comply with the provisions.
In addition, the opposing player must be at least two meters from the pitcher. If an opposing player blocks or ignores these rules, the referee has the right to reprimand or give a yellow card.
Throw-in also does not recognize the offside. Based on these regulations, a player like Ronaldinho scored a goal when he received a throw-in when he was still in Atletico Mineiro’s uniform against Sao Paulo. At that time, he pretended to go to the opponent’s goal to ask Rogerio Ceni a drink. After drinking, the ball came to him on the left flank of the Sao Paulo defense. The distance from the Sao Paulo defender is 13 meters. Ronaldinho then sent across to the mouth of the goal which his colleague executed.
Another provision is that the thrower must not touch the ball again before touching another player, either an opponent or teammate. If violated, the penalty is an indirect free kick. If it touches the ball after it is on the court, the player is declared a handball.
Another fact is that throwers can make bounce throws. This means that the player deliberately bounces the ball towards the opposing player to return to himself to immediately resume the game.
Throw-ins also have a rule when the result of a throw goes into the goal. When this case occurs, the ball that enters the goal is declared invalid if no player hits the ball first. If the ball goes into the net itself, the referee has the right to designate a corner. If this happens in the opponent’s goal, the policy is to give a goal kick.
The Golden Goal and the Silver Goal Have Appeared in Football
Extra time, aka extra rounds, is very common in soccer rules. But, before we heard about the extension of time to the end of the popular penalty today, FIFA once initiated the golden goal rule to the silver goal.
Football lovers from the 1990s to the early millennial era must have known the golden goal concept, also known as sudden death. FIFA and UEFA have applied this rule in several championships. The rule appears when the two teams who undergo the match 90 minutes experience a draw. After that, an additional time of 30 minutes (2×15 minutes) is applied.
When the golden goal concept is used, the team that scores the first goal in the extra round no longer needs to finish the match. They have been declared the winner. It was different from the silver goal. The winner in this system is determined after one of the teams has successfully defended the winning goal during overtime.
The golden goal that FIFA has implemented since 1993 has claimed many victims. At that time, FIFA argued for choosing the golden goal as a rule in the hope that the two teams would play more attacking in the extra rounds. Unfortunately, the concept suffers from the opposite fact. Both teams actually tend to play defensively in the hope of avoiding this stifling defeat.
The situation makes football seem negative, for example, in the 1996 European Cup. This tournament also applied a golden goal when the two teams drew 90 minutes. Of the seven matches in the knockout phase, only one was decided by the golden goal. Uniquely, the golden goal came in the final match when Germany met the Czech Republic. Oliver Bierhoff was named the first player to score a golden goal while helping Der Panzer to win the 1996 European Cup.
The golden goal is still the standard rule applied by FIFA after that. Evidently, this rule was still part of the 1998 World Cup in France. At the tournament, Laurent Blanc was the first person to score a golden goal at the World Cup. Blanc scored the golden goal as France faced Paraguay in the last 16.
Best remembered about the golden goal was David Trezeguet’s goal. The former Juventus striker destroyed Italy’s dreams in the 2000 European Cup final. After a 1-1 draw until a normal time, Trezeguet appeared as a savior in the extra round to win this prestigious trophy.
The golden goal was still the star at the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan. Italy again felt the golden goal system’s bitterness after South Korean striker, Ahn Jung-hwan, knocked Gli Azzurri out in the last 16.
Jung-hwan was not the only player who scored the golden goal at the tournament. This is because the Turkish player, Ilham Mansiz, also did the same thing when he knocked out Senegal in the quarter-finals. However, Jung-hwan’s story is considered the most heroic and controversial.